SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Forests are biodiversity hotspots.Biodiversity of an area is measured based on the number of species and the range of different life forms.
Stakeholders of forests include
· Local people living in or around forests.
· The Forest Department of the Government which owns the land and controls resources from forests.
· Industrialists who use various forest produce. E.g. bidi makers use tendu leaves, labours in paper mills.
· Wildlife & nature enthusiasts who want to conserve nature in its pristine form.
Local people depend on forest produce such as
o Firewood, small timber and thatch.
o Bamboo to make slats (for huts) and baskets.
o Wood to make implements for agriculture, fishing and hunting. Forests are also sites for fishing and hunting.
o Fruits, nuts and medicines.
o Cattle graze in forest or feed on the fodder from forests.
Before the British came, people in forests used the resources in a sustainable manner. After that the British took control and overexploited the forests. Local people were forced to depend on much smaller areas.
Forest resources are available for industrial use at very low rates. But these are denied to the local people.