Saturday, January 2, 2021

Reproductive Health | Class 12 | Previous Years Questions and Answers (2018 to 2020)

 2. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH


2020 SAY

1.   (a) Expand ART.

(b) Suggest the ART which may be successful in the following condition:

i)    Inability of the male partner to inseminate the female.

ii)   Female cannot produce ovum but can provide suitable environment for fertilisation and further development. (2)

ü Answer:

(a) Assisted Reproductive Technologies.

(b)  i. Artificial insemination (AI) / Intra-Uterine insemination (IUI). Ii. Gamete Intra fallopian Transfer (GIFT).

2.   Observe the diagrams A and B given below related to contraceptive methods. (3)



(a)    Identify A and B.

(b)   Explain this surgical method.

(c)    Why this method is generally advised as a terminal method of contraception?

ü Answer:

(a) A. Vasectomy        B. Tubectomy

(b) Vasectomy: A small part of the vas deferens is removed or tied up through a small incision on scrotum.

Tubectomy: A small part of the fallopian tube is removed or tied up through a small incision in the abdomen or through vagina.

(c) To prevent any more pregnancies.

2020 MARCH

1.   Name the technique of transferring embryos up to 8 blastomeres into the fallopian tube. (1)

(a) GIFT      (b)   ZIFT            (c)   ICSI             (d)   IUI

ü Answer:

(b) ZIFT

2.   Amniocentesis for sex determination is legally banned now. (2)

a.      What is amniocentesis?

b.     Why it is banned?

ü Answer:

(a) Amniocentesis is a test in which amniotic fluid of the foetus is taken to analyse the foetal cells to test the presence of genetic disorders, survivability of the foetus etc.

(b) It is misused for finding out the sex of the embryo.

2019 SAY June

1.   There are several methods of in vitro fertilisation to assist couples who lack the ability of fertilisation. (3)

a.   Give the popular name of the programme.

b.   Suggest two techniques of in vitro fertilisation and their conditions of transfer to assist these people.

ü Answer:

(a) Test Tube Baby Programme.

(b) ZIFT (Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer): Transfer of zygote or early embryo (with up to 8 blastomeres) into fallopian tube.

IUT (Intra Uterine Transfer): Transfer of embryo with more than 8 blastomeres into the uterus.

2019 MARCH


1.  A wide range of contraceptive methods are presently available. If so,

a.  Name one contraceptive method having least side effect.

b.  Which contraceptive method is generally advised for females as a termination method to prevent any more pregnancies?

c.  List out any two possible ill-effects of the usage of contraceptive methods. (2)


ü Answer:

a. Saheli

b. Tubectomy (sterilization technique)

c. Nausea, abdominal pain, breakthrough bleeding etc.


2.   (a) Expand STDs.

(b) Cite any two examples for STD.

(c) Suggest any two methods for the prevention of STDs. (3)


ü Answer:


(a) Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

(b) Gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydiasis etc.

(c) Avoid sex with unknown partners/multiple partners.

Always use condoms during coitus.


2018 SAY


1.   Study the relationship between the first two words and till the blank space with a suitable word. (1)

Sterilization in male: Vasectomy

Sterilization in female: ......................


ü Answer:


Tubectomy.


2.   The incidence of STDs is reported more among the age group between 15-24 years. (2)

a.      What are STDs?

b.     Suggest methods to prevent STDs.


ü Answer:


(a) STDs are the diseases transmitted through the sexual intercourse.

(b) Ÿ Avoid sex with unknown partners/multiple partners.

Ÿ Always use condoms during coitus.


2018 MARCH


1.   Different contraceptive methods are given below. Pick out the odd one. (1)

(a) Cu T                             (b) Saheli           

(c) Multiload 375             (d) Lippes loop


ü Answer:


(b) Saheli     


2.   Sexually transmitted disease (STD) are mainly transmitted through sexual contact. (3)

(a) Name any two examples of sexually transmitted disease.

      (b) Explain any two methods adopted to prevent STDs.


ü Answer:


(a) Gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydiasis etc.

(b) Ÿ  Avoid sex with unknown partners/multiple partners.

Ÿ  Always use condoms during coitus.



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