8. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
1. (a) The term ‘biodiversity’ was popularised by ..............
(b) Name the two types of biodiversity conservation.
(c) Write any three causes of biodiversity loss. (3)
(a) Edward Wilson.
(b) In situ conservation and Ex situ conservation.
(c) Habitat loss & Fragmentation, Overexploitation, Alien species invasion etc.
1. Select the cause of extinction of Cichlid fish in Lake Victoria of East Africa. (1)
a. Habitat loss and fragmentation
c. Alien species invasions
(c) Alien species invasions
2. Tropical Amazonian rainforest in South America has the greatest biodiversity on earth. Do you agree with this? Explain. (2)
Yes. I agree.
Tropical Amazonian rainforest has the greatest species richness. It contains > 40000 plant species, > 5000 vertebrates and > 1,25,000 species of invertebrates. This is because tropical regions have constant environment and gets more solar energy.
1. In your school, the Science Club decided to conduct a seminar about "Biodiversity conservation - Approaches". You are invited to present a paper on this seminar. List out the main points you included in the presentation. (3)
[Hint: In Situ, Ex-Situ conservation]
In situ conservation (on site): It is the conservation of genetic resources within natural or human-made ecosystems in which they occur. E.g. National Parks, Sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Sacred groves etc.
Ex situ conservation (off site): It is the conservation of organisms outside their habitats. E.g. genetic resource centres, zoological parks, wildlife safari parks, botanical gardens etc.
1. Which among the following belongs to ex-situ conservation? (1)
Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Zoological parks, National parks, Sacred groves
2. The causes of biodiversity loss are designated as "EVIL QUARTET". Explain the Evil Quartet in biodiversity loss. (2)
The Evil Quartet:
a. Habitat loss and fragmentation.
c. Alien species invasion.
1. Human beings can conserve and protect our ecosystem and biodiversity. Prepare a handout to show different Biodiversity conservation. (2)
In situ conservation: It is the conservation of genetic resources within natural or human-made ecosystems in which they occur. E.g. National Parks, Sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves etc.
Ex situ conservation: It is the conservation of organisms outside their habitats. E.g. genetic resource centres, zoological parks, wildlife safari parks, botanical gardens, gene banks etc.
1. Observe the graph and answer the following questions: (3)
(a) Name S, A, Z and C in the graph.
(b) Name the scientists who explained Species-Area relationship.
(a) S= Species richness
A= Area, Z= Slope of the line, C= Y-intercept.
(b) Alexander von Humboldt.