MORPHOLOGY OF FLOWERING PLANTS
1. Observe the diagram and answer the questions. (1)
Which character of a flower is indicated by the diagram? Give an example for a plant having flowers with this character.
2. Name the parts of a monocot embryo in the given diagram. (2)
1. ………………..……..2. ………………..……..3. ………………..……..4. ………………..……..
1. Use appropriate terms for the following description. (1)
a. Axillary buds of stems modified as slender and spirally coiled structure for helping plants to climb.b. Axillary buds of stems modified as woody straight and pointed structure to protect plants from browsing animals.
2. Given below is the floral diagram drawn by Anil based on the flower bud of a plant. (2)
a. Help him to complete the floral formula.b. Name the family to which this plant belongs.
1. LS of two flowers show 2 types of ovaries. One is superior and the other is inferior. Name the type of flower based on this. (1)
2. Floral formula of a pea plant is given below:
2011 October (Improvement)
1. Teacher showed the chart of aestivation to students and asked them to name the types of aestivation. What is aestivation? Explain any two types of aestivation. (3)
a. Cucumber: Tendril Citrus: ………….
2. Given below is the floral diagram of a family you have studied.
a. Identify the family and aestivation of corolla. (1)b. Describe three other floral characters from the floral diagram using technical terms. (1½)
2012 September (Improvement)
1. Observe the following diagrams “a and b” and identify the placentation. (1)
2. In cactus both leaves & stem are modified to perform different functions. Name the modifications and identify their functions. (2)
1. Observe the given relation and fill in the blanks. (1)
a. Plumule: Coleoptile Radicle: ………………
2. The diagram given below shows parts of a true fruit.
a. Write the technical name of this fruit developed from a monocarpellary superior ovary. (½)b. Label the parts A and B (1)c. Can you distinguish a parthenocarpic fruit from the given fruit? (1)
2013 September-October (Improvement)
1. Observe the floral diagram and answer the following questions: (1)
a. Name the family.b. Write the nature of stamen.
2. The following figures show two types of aestivation. Answer the following questions: (2)
a. Identify the types A & Bb. How will you distinguish A & B?
1. Normally, roots grow into the soil. But in some plants like Rhizophora, many roots come out of the ground and grow vertically upwards. What are these roots called? Give their function. (½ + ½ = 1)
2. The following diagram represents five petals of a flower in a plant belonging to a major family.
a. Identify the family. (1)b. Write the floral formula of the flower. (1)
2014 August (Improvement)
1. The arrangement of ovules in the ovary is known as placentation. Given below are different types of placentation.
a. Identify (a), (b) and (c).b. Briefly explain (a), (b) and (c) in one or two sentences. (3)