Friday, March 11, 2016

Frequently used root words in biology - 2 (Related to Positions, Conditions, diseases and processes)

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FREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO POSITIONS, CONDITIONS, DISEASES AND PROCESSES

Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to Positions, Conditions, diseases and processes. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words
Meaning
1.      –aemia
condition related to blood
2.      extra-
outer
3.      –gen
forming, producing
4.      –genesis
formation, production
5.      hyper-
above, increase
6.      hypo-
below, decrease
7.      inter-
between
8.      intra-
inside
9.      –itis
infalammation
10.    lyso-, -lysis
breakdown
11.    meso-
middle
12.    onco-, carcino-
cancer, tumor
13.    –osis
condition
14.    –paenia
lack, deficiency
15.    patho-, -pathy
disease
16.    peri-
surrounding, all around
17.    –tomy
surgical cutting
18.    –uria
condition related to urine

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1.  High blood pressure is scientifically known as
      A.  Hypotension
      B.  Hypertension
      C.  Hypoglycemia
      D.  Hyperglycemia
2.  The scientific study of cancer is called
      A.  Pathology
      B.  Neurology
      C.  Histology
      D.  Oncology
3.  Pathology is the study of
      A.  Blood
      B.  Eye
      C.  Diseases
      D.  Microbes
4.  Inflammation of kidney is termed as
      A.  Nephritis
      B.  Nephridia
      C.  Renal calculi
      D.  Uraemia
5.  The agents that cause cancer is known as
      A.  Oncogenes
      B.  Carcinogens
      C.  Carcinoma
      D.  Sarcoma

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