Monday, March 7, 2016

Frequently used root words in biology - 1 (Related to body parts)

FREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO BODY PARTS

Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to body parts. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words

Meaning

1.         adeno-

gland

2.         adipo-

fat, lipid

3.         andro-

male

4.         angio-

blood vessel

5.         arthro-

joint

6.         blasto-, -blast

embryonic cell, bud

7.         cardio-

heart

8.         cephalo-

head

9.         cervico-

neck

10.    chondro-

cartilage, grain

11.    coelo-, –coel

cavity, chamber

12.    cyto-, -cyte

cell

13.    dento-, odonto-, -dont

teeth

14.    dermo-, dermato-, -derm

skin, layer

15.    encephalo-

brain

16.    entero-

intestine

17.    gastro-

stomach

18.    glosso-

tongue

19.    gono-

sex organ

20.    gyno-, gyneco-

female

21.    haemato-, hemo-

blood

22.    hepato-

liver

23.    histo-

tissue

24.    karyo-

nucleus

25.    labio-

lip

26.    laryngo-

larynx, throat

27.    metra-

uterus

28.    myo-

muscle

29.    nephro-, reno-

kidney

30.    neuro-

nerve

31.    oo-

egg

32.    ophthalmo-, oculo-, opto-

eye

33.    oro-, stomato-

mouth, opening

34.    osteo-

bone

35.    oto-

ear

36.    poda-, podi, podio-

foot, leg

37.    psycho-

mind

38.    pulmo-, pulmono-

lung

39.    rhino-, naso-

nose

40.    somato-, -some

body, structure

41.    thoraco-

chest

42.    vaso-

vessel, blood vessel

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1.  The cell that stores fat is known as
      A.  Hepatocyte
      B.  Adipocyte
      C.  Chondrocyte
      D.  Osteocyte
2.  The scientific study of cells is called
      A.  Nephrology
      B.  Neurology
      C.  Histology
      D.  Cytology
3.  Karyology is the study of
      A.  Nucleus
      B.  Kidney
      C.  Liver
      D.  Bone
4.  Otoliths are present inside
      A.  Eye
      B.  Ear
      C.  Nose
      D.  Tongue
5.  Inflammation of the stomach is called
      A.  Enteritis
      B.  Hepatitis
      C.  Gastritis
      D.  Neuritis
6.  Dentine is seen in
      A.  Teeth
      B.  Liver
      C.  Brain
      D.  Muscle
7.  Cervical vertebrae are present in
      A.  Abdomen
      B.  Neck
      C.  Chest
      D.  Head
8.  The meaning of Arthropoda is
      A.  Soft-bodied
      B.  Segmented
      C.  Hard-bodied
      D.  Joint legged
9.  Osteoporosis is a disorder that affects
      A.  Cartilage
      B.  Bone
      C.  Blood
      D.  Muscle
10. Electro Encephalo Gram (EEG) is done for
      A.  Brain
      B.  Kidney
      C.  Lungs
      D.  Heart
👉 See Root word Series other parts Here

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