Tuesday, October 6, 2020

Cell Cycle and Cell Division | Previous Year Questions | Class 11

CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION

2010 March
1. The following are some of the important events in mitotic cell division. Mention the stages of mitosis during which these events happen. 

i. Centromeres split and chromosomes separate. (½)
ii. Chromosomal material condenses to form compact mitotic chromosomes. (½)

2. What is quiescent stage? (1)

3. Mention the importance of crossing over. (1)

2010 September 

1. A diagram of Prophase I stage of meiosis is given below. Draw similar diagrams to illustrate the following stages: (3)
  

a. Metaphase I

b. Telophase I

c. Anaphase II

2011 March 

1. Mitosis is divided into four stages: Prophase is the first stage of mitosis and ……. Is the second stage. (1)

2. A cell with a chromosome number 42 undergoes mitosis and another cell with 42 chromosomes undergoes meiosis. Give the chromosome number of daughter cells after mitosis and meiosis. Give reasons for your answer. (2)

2011 October (Improvement) 

1. Prophase I of meiosis I is subdivided into five phases. The sub phases and the chromosome behavior of the prophase I are listed below. Arrange them in proper order. (2½)

Sub phases

Chromosome behavior

Diplotene

Chromosome starts pairing

Zygotene

Bivalents become tetravalents and cross over between non-sister chromatids

Leptotene

Terminalization of chiasmata

Pachytene

Chromosomes become gradually visible under light microscope

Diakinesis

Recombined homologous chromosome separate from each other except chiasmata


2. Pairing of homologous chromosomes is called ----------- (½)

2012 March 

1. Observe the given diagram of cell division.


a. Identify the stage (½)

b. Label the parts A and B (1)

c. Mention any one peculiarity of the pachytene stage of meiosis. (1)

2012 September (Improvement) 

1. Observe the diagram given below representing a stage of mitosis. (3)

a. Identify the stage

b. Distinguish it from corresponding stage of meiosis I

c. Mention the role of spindle fibres in mitosis.

2013 March 

1. A diagrammatic view of a cell cycle is given below.


a. Identify the phase in which:

i. DNA synthesis takes place.
ii. Chromosomes are arranged at the equator of the spindle. (1)

b. Mention two significant points of mitosis in the life of an organism. (2)

2013 September-October (Improvement) 

1. Observe the following phases of nuclear division during mitosis and answer the following questions: (3)


a. Name the two phases of A & B

b. What are the main events occurring in these two stages?

2014 March 

1. Prophase of the first meiotic division is typically longer and complex. It has been further subdivided into five phases. The major events of these sub-stages are given below.

a. Pairing of homologous chromosomes.
b. Terminalization of chiasmata.
c. Occurs crossing over.
d. Chromosomes are visible under a light microscope.
e. Formation of chiasmata.

i. Identify the stages a, b, c, d and e. (2½)
ii. Arrange these stages in correct order of occurrence. (½)

2014 August (Improvement) 

1. The diagram shows below represents a stage in mitosis.

a. Label the parts (A) and (B).
b. Identify the stage.
c. Mention any two events occurring in this stage. (3)

2015 March 

1. Observe the diagrammatic view of a cell cycle and answer the questions:


a) Identify the phase in which DNA synthesis takes place. (1)
b) Mention any one event that takes place in the stages marked as 'x' and 'y'. (2)

2015 September (Improvement) 

1. Observe the diagram related with cell cycle.

Identify and describe A, B and C in the diagram. (Hint: Description of one point each from A, B and C). (3)

OR 

Write five sub-stages in prophase-I of meiosis. Point out in which sub-stage crossing over occurs.

MARCH 2016 

1. a) identify the substages of meiosis in which crossing over is occurring.

i) Leptotene ii) Zygotene

iii) Pachytene iv) Diplotene

b) Summarize the significance of meiosis in sexually reproducing organisms. (3)

MARCH 2017 

1. Given below is the metaphase of mitosis. Analyze the diagram and draw a sketch of anaphase. Write any two events of anaphase. (3)

2017 JULY (Improvement) 

1. "Meiosis is highly significant in sexually reproducing organisms". Justify. (2)

2018 MARCH 

1. First phase of meiosis I is typically longer and complex one. Name it. Mention the five subdivisions of this Phase.

2. Certain stages in cell cycle are given below.

Karyokinesis, prophase, cytokinesis, metaphase, anaphase, telophase. 

Choose the statements (from those given below) that match with these stages and prepare a table.
  • Centromere split and chromosomes move to opposite poles.
  • Chromosomes cluster at opposite poles and nuclear envelope assembles around.
  • Chromosomes seems to be with two chromatids attached at centromere.
  • Chromosomes arranged at spindle equator.
  • Separation of daughter chromosomes.
  • Division of cytoplasm.

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