Thursday, March 7, 2019

Digestion and Absorption: Previous Year Questions Part 1


2010 MARCH
1.     Observe the diagram.

a.   Label the parts A and B.
b.   Even though concentrated HCl is stored in the stomach, it will not generally damage the stomach wall. Why?
1.     a) Complete the equation by filling a1, b1 and c1. (1½)
Lactose             a1                       Glucose + b1
Maltose         Maltase                     Glucose + c1
b) Trypsinogen is activated to trypsin by enterokinase. How chymotrypsinogen is activated to chymotrypsin? (½)
2011 MARCH
1.     “The end products of fat digestion are not absorbed directly into the blood stream.” Justify. (2)
1.     The breakdown of biomacromolecules in the duodenum is mentioned below. Fill the blank boxes with correct terms. (2)
2012 MARCH
1.     Observe the diagram and answer the following questions.
a.   Identify the duct labeled A and the secretion it pours into the duodenum. (1)
b.   Mention two functions of secretion in digestion. (1)
1.     Bile contains no digestive enzymes, so bile is not needed for digestion. Do you agree with this statement? Justify your answer.        (2)
2013 MARCH
1.     Observe the graph showing the activity of an enzyme influenced by pH.
a.   Name the possible enzyme involved in this reaction. (½)
b.   Where is its site of action? (½)
c.    Mention any other factor which affects this enzyme activity that results a similar pattern of graph.  (½)
d.   Name another similar enzyme acting on the same substrate. (½)


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