Tuesday, September 7, 2021

Frequently used root words in biology - 7 (Substances)

FREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO SUBSTANCES


Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to Substances. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words

Meaning

1.      adipo-, lipo-

Fat, lipid

2.      but-

Butter 

3.      chemo-

Chemical

4.      glyco-

Sugar, glucose

5.      halo-

Salt

6.      helio-

Sun

7.      hydro-, aqua-

Water

8.      lacto-

Milk

9.      malle-

Hammer

10.  meth-

Wine, methane

11.  -oleum

Oil

12.  oxy-

Sharp, acid

13.  petra-

Rock

14.  pyro-

Fire, heat

15.  saccharo-

Sugar

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1. The animal tissue that stores fat is called
A. Areolar tissue
B. Adipose tissue
C. Neural tissue
D. Epithelial tissue

2. The acid present in butter is

A. Caproic acid
B. Palmitic acid
C. Butyric acid
D. Citric acid

3. The instrument used to measure the water content in milk is called

A. Lactometer
B. Glucometer
C. Pyrometer
D. Barometer

4. ................. are the organisms with the ability to grow under high salt concentrations.

A. Methanogens
B. Thermophiles
C. Acidophiles
D. Halophiles

5. The breakdown of a substance in presence of heat is called

A. Pyrolysis
B. Electrolysis
C. Hydrolysis
D. Photolysis

👉 See Root word Series other parts Here

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