Thursday, July 29, 2021

Frequently used root words in biology - 5 (Numbers, Size, Shapes, Measurements, and Instruments)

FREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO NUMBERS, SIZE, SHAPE, MEASUREMENT & INSTRUMENTS


Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to Numbers, Size, Shapes, Measurements, and Instruments. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words

Meaning

1.      mono-, uni-

one

2.      bi-, di-

two

3.      tri-

three

4.      tetra-

four

5.      penta-

five

6.      hexa-

six

7.      hepta-, septa-

seven

8.      octa-

eight

9.      nona-

nine

10.  deca-

ten

11.  macro-

large

12.  mega-

large

13.  micro-

small

14.  multi-

many

15.  poly-

many

16.    –meter

instrument that measures

17.    –scope

instrument to observe or examine

18.    –graph

instrument that records, record

19.    cyclo-

Circular

20.    hemi-, semi-

Half

21.    mito-

Thread-like

22.    morpho-

Form, appearance

23.    oligo-

Few

24.    meio-

Less

25.    kilo-

Thousand

26.    milli-

One thousandth

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1. The superclass of Vertebrata that include four-limbed animals is called
A. Tetrapoda
B. Cephalopoda
C. Octapoda
D. Hexapoda

2. The condition of the presence of a sixth finger or toe is known as

A. Osteoarthritis
B. Hydrocoel
C. Hexadactyly
D. Myocarditis 

3. Pteridophytes such as Lycopods have small leaves in relation to stem. They are known as

A. Polyphyllous 
B. Multiphyllous
C. Macrophyllous
D. Microphyllous

4. The instrument used to observe the inside of the Stomach is

A. Gastroscope
B. Arthroscope
C. Otoscope
D. Microscope

5. Which of the following is a symptom of Acromegaly?

A. Flat round face
B. Enlarged hands and feet
C. Loss of hair
D. Rudiment sex organs

👉 See Root word Series other parts Here

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