Sunday, March 21, 2021

Reproductive Health | Class 12 | Sample Questions and Answers

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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH


1 Score Questions

1.   Which of the following is an ideal property of a contraceptive?

(a)    Interfere sexual act

(b)    Reversible

(c)    Not easily available

(d)    Surgically performed

2.   The method not belong to natural or traditional methods is

(a)    Periodic abstinence

(b)    Coitus interruptus

(c)    Cervical caps

(d)    Lactational amenorrhea

3.   ........... and .......... are two surgical contraceptive methods in male and female respectively.

4.   MTP is relatively safe during ………. of pregnancy.

5.   Name the test misused to determine the foetal sex based on chromosomal pattern.

6.   Which of the following pairs of STDs is completely curable?

(a)    HIV, Hepatitis B

(b)    Hepatitis B, Gonorrhoea

(c)    Syphilis, Gonorrhoea

(d)    Chlamydiasis, HIV

7.   Note the relationship between first two terms and suggest a suitable term for the fourth place.

       GIFT: Gamete                         ZIFT: ........................

8.   Select the ART that uses an embryo with more than 8 blastomeres.

(a)    ZIFT                 

(b)  IUT

(c)  GIFT                 

(d)  IUI


2 Score Questions

9.    Is sex education necessary in school? Justify.

10.  Removal of gonads cannot be considered as contraceptive method. Why?

11.  Mention any two reasons for population explosion.

12.  Select the odd one and justify your selection.

Malaria, Gonorrhoea, Amoebiasis, filariasis

13.  Find the odd one. Justify your answer.

(a)    ZIFT

(b)    IUI

(c)    IUT

(d)    IUD

14.  Identify A and B. Mention their action.


15.  Find out the odd one from the following. Give reason.

(a)  Cu T                                   

(b)  Cu 7

(c)  LNG-20                             

(d)  Multiload-375

16.  Mention any four side effects of anti-natural contraceptives.

17. One couple came to know that they have a girl child during fourth month of pregnancy and they decided to do MTP.

(a)    What is MTP?

(b)    Do you agree with the decision of couple? Why?

18. One of your neighbours is suffering from itching, fluid discharge, slight pain and swelling in the genital region.

(a)    What do you think the disease he is suffering from?

(b)    Absence or less significant early symptoms and the social stigma deter some infected persons to consult a doctor. Mention its consequences (any three).

19. Diagnostic reports of four patients having infertility problem are given below. Suggest suitable Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) for each problem.

(a) A female cannot produce an ovum, but can provide suitable environment for fertilization and further development.

(b) A male who is unable to inseminate the female but sperm count is normal.

(c)  A male who has poor sperm count.

(d) Fusion of gamete and zygote formation does not occur within the body of female.

3 Score Questions


20. Match the following


A

B

C

Lactational amenorrhea

Vasectomy

‘Once a week’

IUD

Saheli

Breastfeeding

Sterilization

Natural method

Lippes loop

Oral contraceptive

Inserts in uterus

Reversibility is poor


21. Categorise the given birth control methods into three groups with proper heads.

(Cervical caps, Vasectomy, Cu T, Tubectomy, Diaphragms, Condoms, Lippes Loop)

22. Given below are the two diagrams showing sterilization methods in male and female respectively.


(a)    Name the sterilization methods A and B. 

(b)    Mention any two IUDs to prevent conception.

(c)    What is the main drawback of these methods?

23. Sterilization and IUDs are effective birth control measures, but lactational amenorrhoea may not be so effective.

(a) How the sterilization procedure of male differs from that of female in preventing pregnancy? 

(b) Which part of the female reproductive organ is utilized for the IUD procedure? How this procedure prevents pregnancy?

(c) Why lactational amenorrhoea is not so effective?

24. “STDs are one of the major health problems in both developed and developing countries”

(a)    What is meant by STD?

(b)    Name two STDs.

(c)    Suggest two preventive measures.

25. Match the following:


A

B

C

ZIFT

More than 8 blastomeres

Direct injection of sperm into egg

GIFT

Very low sperm count

Embryo to oviduct

IUT

Up to 8 blastomeres

Ovum to oviduct

ICSI

Transfer of egg

Embryo to uterus


26. Some techniques commonly used for infertility treatment are given below. Read them carefully and answer the question.

ZIFT, GIFT, ICSI, IUI, IVF

(a)    Expand any two abbreviations.

(b)    Distinguish between ZIFT and GIFT.

(c)    Write the common term used to denote the techniques given above.

ANSWERS

1.   (b) Reversible.

2.   (c) Cervical caps

3.   Vasectomy and Tubectomy.

4.   First trimester.  

5.   Amniocentesis.

6.   (c) Syphilis, Gonorrhoea.

7.   Zygote or early embryo up to 8 blastomeres.

8.   (b) IUT.

9.   Yes. It is necessary to provide right information about sex-related aspects. It helps to avoid sex-related myths and misconceptions.

10. Removal of gonads is irreversible and interfere sexual desire and sexual act. It also affects his/her sexual identity. So it cannot be considered as contraceptive method.

11. Increased health facilities and better living conditions.

Rapid decline in death rate, maternal mortality rate (MMR) and infant mortality rate (IMR).

12. Gonorrhoea. It is an STD. Others are not STDs.

13. (d) IUD. It is a contraceptive method. Others are concerned with Assisted Reproductive Technologies.  

14. A= Copper T (CuT). B= Implants.

Action:

CuT suppress motility and fertilising capacity of sperms.  

Implants contain Progestogens or Progestogens-oestrogen combination that inhibit ovulation and implantation.

15. (c) LNG-20. It is Hormone releasing IUD. Others are Copper releasing IUDs.

16. Nausea, abdominal pain, breakthrough bleeding, irregular menstrual bleeding.

17. (a) MTP (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) is the intentional termination of pregnancy before full term.

(b) No. MTP for female foeticide is illegal and cruelty.

18. (a) He is affected with an STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases).

(b) Pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID), infertility, ectopic pregnancies, abortions etc.

19. (a) Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)

(b) Artificial insemination (AI)

(c) Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

(d) In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

20.    

A

B

C

Lactational amenorrhea

Natural method

Breastfeeding

IUD

Inserts in uterus

Lippes loop

Sterilization

Vasectomy

Reversibility is poor

Oral contraceptive

Saheli

‘Once a week’

21.     

Barriers

IUDs

Surgical methods

Cervical caps

Diaphragms

Condoms

CuT

Lippes Loop

Vasectomy

Tubectomy

22. (a) A= Vasectomy       B= Tubectomy.

(b) CuT, Lippes loop, Cu7 etc.

(c) Reversibility is poor.

23. (a) In Vasectomy (male sterilization), a small part of the vas deferens is removed or tied up through a small incision on the scrotum. In Tubectomy (female sterilization), a small part of the fallopian tube is removed or tied up through a small incision in the abdomen or through vagina

(b) Uterus. They increase phagocytosis of sperms, retard motility & fertilising capacity of sperms, prevent implantation etc.

(c) This is effective only up to 6 months following parturition.

24. (a) Diseases transmitted through sexual intercourse are called Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

(b) Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, HIV infection etc.

(c)  Avoid sex with unknown partners/multiple partners. Always use condoms during coitus.

25.    

A

B

C

ZIFT

Up to 8 blastomeres

Embryo to oviduct

GIFT

Transfer of egg

Ovum to oviduct

IUT

More than 8 blastomeres

Embryo to uterus

ICSI

Very low sperm count

Direct injection of sperm into egg


26. (a) ZIFT= Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer, GIFT = Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer, ICSI = Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection, IUI= Intra Uterine Insemination, IVF= In Vitro Fertilisation.

(b) ZIFT: Transfer of zygote or early embryo (with up to 8 blastomeres) into fallopian tube.

GIFT: Transfer of an ovum from a donor into the fallopian tube of another female who cannot produce ovum, but can provide suitable environment for fertilization and development.

(c) ART (Assisted Reproductive Technologies).

Chapter-wise Sample Q & A

CLASS 11 (PLUS 1) BOTANY: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

CLASS 11 (PLUS 1) ZOOLOGY: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

CLASS 12 (PLUS 2) BOTANY: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

CLASS 12 (PLUS 2) ZOOLOGY: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Chapter-wise Previous Year Q & A

CLASS 11 (PLUS 1) BOTANY: CHAPTER-WISE Q & A

CLASS 11 (PLUS 1) ZOOLOGY: CHAPTER-WISE Q & A

CLASS 12 (PLUS 2) BOTANY: CHAPTER-WISE Q & A

CLASS 12 (PLUS 2) ZOOLOGY: CHAPTER-WISE Q & A

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