Friday, March 11, 2016

Frequently used root words in biology - 2 (Related to Conditions, diseases and processes)

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FREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO CONDITIONS, DISEASES AND PROCESSES

Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to Conditions, diseases and processes. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words
Meaning
1.      –aemia :
condition related to blood
2.      –algia:
pain
3.      –cide:
killing
4.      –gen:
forming, producing
5.      –genesis:
formation, production
6.      iatro-, -iatry:
disease treatment
7.      –itis:
inflammation
8.      lyso-, -lysis:
breakdown
9.      meta-:
change of position or condition, behind, after, or beyond
10.  onco-, carcino-:
cancer, tumor
11.  –osis:
condition
12.  –paenia:
lack, deficiency
13.  patho-, -pathy:
disease, feeling
14.  –philia:
love
15.  –phobia:
fear
16.  –tomy:
surgical cutting
17.  –uria:
condition related to urine

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1.  High blood pressure is scientifically known as
      A.  Hypotension
      B.  Hypertension
      C.  Hypoglycemia
      D.  Hyperglycemia
2.  The scientific study of cancer is called
      A.  Pathology
      B.  Neurology
      C.  Histology
      D.  Oncology
3.  Pathology is the study of
      A.  Blood
      B.  Eye
      C.  Diseases
      D.  Microbes
4.  Inflammation of kidney is termed as
      A.  Nephritis
      B.  Nephridia
      C.  Renal calculi
      D.  Uraemia
5.  The agents that cause cancer is known as
      A.  Oncogenes
      B.  Carcinogens
      C.  Carcinoma
      D.  Sarcoma
6.  The fear of water is known as
      A.  Hydrophilia
      B.  Hydrophobia
      C.  Hydrolysis
      D.  Hydrolases
7.  The substances that can kill bacteria are termed as
      A.  Bactericemia
      B.  Bacteriolysis 
      C.  Bacteriophage
      D.  Bactericides

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