Friday, March 11, 2016

Frequently used root words in biology - 2 (Related to Conditions, diseases and processes)

FREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO CONDITIONS, DISEASES AND PROCESSES

Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to Conditions, diseases and processes. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words

Meaning

1.          –aemia

Condition related to blood

2.          –algia

Pain

3.          –cide

Killing

4.          –gen

Forming, producing

5.          –genesis

Formation, production

6.          iatro-, -iatry

Disease treatment

7.          –itis

Inflammation

8.          kino-, kineto, -kinesis

Movement

9.          lyso-, -lysis

Breakdown

10.     meta-

Change of position or condition, behind, after, or beyond

11.     metabole-

Change

12.     onco-, carcino-

Cancer, tumor

13.     –osis

Condition

14.     –paenia

Lack, deficiency

15.     patho-, -pathy

Disease, feeling

16.     pepto-

Digestion

17.     phago-

Eat

18.     –philia

Love

19.     –phobia

Fear

20.     pino-

Drink

21.     thermo-, -thermia

Temperature

22.     –tomy

Surgical cutting

23.     tropho-

Nourishment

24.     –uria

Condition related to urine

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1.  High blood pressure is scientifically known as
      A.  Hypotension
      B.  Hypertension
      C.  Hypoglycemia
      D.  Hyperglycemia
2.  The scientific study of cancer is called
      A.  Pathology
      B.  Neurology
      C.  Histology
      D.  Oncology
3.  Pathology is the study of
      A.  Blood
      B.  Eye
      C.  Diseases
      D.  Microbes
4.  Inflammation of the kidney is termed as
      A.  Nephritis
      B.  Nephridia
      C.  Renal calculi
      D.  Uraemia
5.  The agents that cause cancer is known as
      A.  Oncogenes
      B.  Carcinogens
      C.  Carcinoma
      D.  Sarcoma
6.  The fear of water is known as
      A.  Hydrophilia
      B.  Hydrophobia
      C.  Hydrolysis
      D.  Hydrolases
7.  The substances that can kill bacteria are termed as
      A.  Bactericemia
      B.  Bacteriolysis 
      C.  Bacteriophage
      D.  Bactericides
👉 See Root word Series other parts Here

1 comment:

  1. Thank you so much for your effort mr/mrs.this material very useful 👍

    ReplyDelete