Monday, December 28, 2015

Comparison of Fungi classes

Comparison of Fungi classes (Phycomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes & Deuteromycetes)

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Characteristics
Phycomycetes
Ascomycetes
Basidiomycetes
Deuteromycetes
1.      Common name
Alage-like fungi
Sac fungi
Club fungi
Fungi imperfecti
2.      Mycelium
Aseptate, coenocytic
Septate, branched unicellular
Secondary mycelium, dikaryotic
Branched, septate mycelium
3.      Asexual reproduction
Zoospores,
Aplanospores,
Chlamydospores,
Sporangiospores
Conidia,
Budding
Oidia, Basidiospores
Conidia
4.      Sexual reproduction
Isogamy
Oogamy
Fusion of comapatable nuclei. Ascospores formed in Ascus
Somatogamy, basidiospores formed on sterigmata
Absent or unknown
5.      Fruiting body
Zygospore
Ascocarp (Cleistothecium, Perithecium, Apothecium)
Basidiocarp
Absent
6.      Examples
Rhizopus, Mucor, Saprolegnia, Albugo
Penicillium, Yeast, Aspergillus, Claviceps, Morchella
Mushrooms (e.g. Agaricus), Rust (Puccinia), Smut (e.g. Ustilago)
Colletotrichum, Cercospora

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